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Barbie 芭比娃娃

发表于 2013-1-26 01:23:16 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 Ray 于 2013-12-27 14:35 编辑

Plus-Size Barbie Gets Slammed For 'Inaccurate' Portrayal Of Curvy Women: Doll Has Triple Chin, High BMI
TAGS Barbie, plus size, obese, BMI, double chin, curvy women
A plus-size Barbie image on a modeling website generates controversy for its offensive portrayal of a curvy woman's body image.

This holiday season, many little girls will open their gifts to find the standard Barbie doll with unrealistic proportions of what an American woman looks like. However, a new version of Barbie could well be on its way with several artists hoping to accurately portray the average-sized female body. But some of these new versions are stirruing up controversy. A Facebook group Plus Size Modeling recently shared a post of an image of a plus-size Barbie asking viewers: “Should toy companies start making plus sized Barbie dolls?”
While the photo has received over 35,000 “likes” on Facebook, there are a substantial number of comments that have addressed the issue of the doll’s extreme size. MaryBeth Gafford, a Facebook user, posted: “The triple chin is too much. Most overweight people (me included) only have a double chin no matter what size they are. This Barbie is inaccurate.” Gafford and others are unhappy with the doll because it portrays plus-size women as inherently unhealthy, when many are actually of a healthy weight, but just naturally curvy.
The plus-size Barbie image produced by Worth1000.com — not Barbie’s manufacturer Mattel — derives from an illustration contest on the website where artists compete every day in creative competitions. The plus-size Barbie won a 2011 contest called "Feeding Time 9," created by the artist Bakalia.
Statistics show that 60 percent of American women self-identify as part of the "plus-size" market, although there is some debate about the term itself. In a national survey conducted by Sonsi.com, a retailer from the same parent company as Lane Bryant, 1,000 plus-size women sizes 14 and up, were polled and asked: "When describing your size, what term do you prefer?" Twenty-eight percent of these women preferred the term “curvy,” while 25 percent of respondents preferred “plus-size,” and the other 25 percent preferred “full-figured.” This group of women were also asked who they drew inspiration from when it came to their shopping preferences. Top picks were friends and family at 30 percent, followed by plus-size icons at 21 percent, The Huffington Post reports.
Barbie has a long history of encouraging body image issues. In the 1960s, Mattel released "Slumber Party Barbie," which came with combs, hair rollers, and a sleeping bag, according to Rehabs.com. The Barbie set included a scale permanently stuck at 110 lbs. and a small book titled How To Lose Weight. In the book, the only words that were written in all-capital exhortation was "DON'T EAT!" The release of Barbie dolls like these helps perpetuate highly unrealistic images of female bodies that can have a powerful influence on how little girls see their own lives. Increased exposure to these dolls may lead to unhealthy body image self-perception, which is reflected in the increasing rate of eating disorders of young girls.
In the 1990s, the Yale Center for Eating and Weight Disorders calculated on average how much an average healthy woman’s body would have to change for her to have the equivalent proportions of a Barbie doll. Overall, women would have to grow two feet taller, extend their neck length by 3.2 inches, gain 5 inches in chest size, and lose 6 inches in waist circumference. These dimensions are considered impossible to achieve but are still emulated by young girls. In 2013, an infographic made its way around the internet which helped visualize the data found in the study, titled "Ken and Barbie at life size."
Yale's infographic on how Barbie's body compares to the average American woman's.
Critics of the plus-size Barbie commented that they wish there was an average Barbie who is not “skinny, not obese” but has “normal proportions.” There are some designers and public health advocates agree. Artist Nickolay Lamm of MyDeals.com recently created a 3D model of the “average” Barbie doll based on the Centers for Disease and Control Prevention (CDC) measurements of an average 19-year-old woman. Lamm told The Huffington Post, “So, if there's even a small chance of Barbie in its present form negatively influencing girls, and if Barbie looks good as an average sized woman in America, what's stopping Mattel from making one?”
The impact of unrealistic proportionally-sized dolls on self-body image and eating habits of young girls is significant. The National Institute of Mental Health says 20 million women have suffered from a clinically significant eating disorder at some point in their lives, with concerns about weight or shape expressed by girls as young as 6. To learn more about eating disorders, click here:www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/eating-disorders/index.shtml

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is a fashion doll manufactured by the American toy-company Mattel, Inc. and launched in March 1959. American businesswoman Ruth Handler is credited with the creation of the doll using a German doll called Bild Lilli as her inspiration.
Barbie is the figurehead of a brand of Mattel dolls and accessories, including other family members and collectible dolls. Barbie has been an important part of the toy fashion doll market for fifty years, and has been the subject of numerous controversies and lawsuits, often involving parody of the doll and her lifestyle.  (from Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barbie )

芭比娃娃(Barbie)是20世紀最廣為人知及最暢銷的玩偶,由Ruth Handler發明,於1959年3月9日舉辦的美國國際玩具展覽會(American International Toy Fair)上首次曝光。芭比玩偶由美泰兒公司擁有及生產。芭比娃娃及其它相關配件是以一比六的比例製作,此比例為娃娃屋模型的最大號,也稱為playscale。[1] (http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E8%8A%AD%E6%AF%94%E5%A8%83%E5%A8%83)

芭比之梦想豪宅第2季 第二季 / Barbie Live in the Dreamhouse Season 2
芭比之魅力公主学院 / 芭比之魅力公主学院
芭比之梦想豪宅 第一季 / 芭比之生活在梦想豪宅

在1956年,罗丝与芭芭拉及Kenneth往瑞士时,她在卢塞恩一个店铺橱窗中发现一种名为Bild Lilli doll的德国玩偶。该种成人形象的玩偶与Ruth Handler意念中的玩偶不谋而合,于是她购买了三个Bild Lilli doll,她将其中一个给送给芭芭拉,另外两个则送往美泰儿。Lilli doll是以一个受欢迎的漫画角色为蓝本而设计,她出现在Reinhard Beuthin在报纸连载的漫画专栏中,是一名独立自主的职业女性。Lilli doll由1955年首次在德国发售,原本目标顾客是成年人,但后来亦受儿童欢迎,因他们能用另外发售的服装为玩偶装扮。
回程往美国后,罗丝在工程师Jack Ryan的协助下,再次着手设计玩偶,并以女儿芭芭拉的名字为玩偶起名为芭比。芭比娃娃于1959年3月9日在纽约的美国国际玩具展览会上首次曝光,此日期成为芭比娃娃的官方生日日期。美泰儿在1964年取得Bild Lilli doll的版权后,Bild Lilli doll正式停产。首个芭比娃娃绑着马尾辫,身穿黑白斑马纹泳装,并有金发及深褐色头发两种。初期芭比以“青年时装模特儿”为绰头,她的衣服由美泰儿的时装设计师Charlotte Johnson设计。芭比娃娃推出后首年售出了约三十五万个。
芭比娃娃及其相关的产品的标准比例是约一比六,此比例亦称为playscale。芭比的产品共不限于玩偶和玩偶的衣饰,亦包括芭比品牌下商品,如书本、时装及电子游戏等。芭比曾出现一系列的动画中,并于1999年的动画《玩具总动员 2》中客串。
“芭比”设定芭比的全名是 Barbara Millicent Roberts,过去这些年来她被赋予相当多的同伴,最被熟知的就是她的帅男友Ken (Ken Carson),他第一次登场是在西元1961年,如同芭比一样,肯也是使用了罗丝·韩德勒儿子的名字。芭比与肯之间分分合合的关系相当的知名,他们在2004年也宣布暂时分开的消息。在芭比社交圈中其他不同种族且长期来往的朋友还包含了Hispanic 泰瑞莎(Teresa),非裔美籍人 克莉斯堤(Christie) 与史提芬(Steven) (Christie的男友),以及Kayla。芭比完整的朋友清单,可见List of Barbie's friends and family。
(from Baidu Baiki , http://baike.baidu.com/view/6817.htm )

Barbie Fashion - Dress Up and Beauty Makeover Girl Games (from http://www.barbie.com/activities/fashion/ )For pinktastic fashionable Dress-up and Makeover games, look no further! Filled with stylish clothes, oh-so-chic shoes, hip hair accessories and glitterized fashions, this closet resembles a boutique. More than just a wardrobe, it’s a place where you can play Barbie princess dress-up, fun makeover and Barbie Games | Barbie Videos | Dress-up and Makeover Games | Barbie Sisters and Friends | Princess and Fairy Games  | Barbie WoW | Barbie Life in the Dreamhouse | I Can Be

Fictional biography
Barbie's full name is Barbara Millicent Roberts. In a series of novels published by Random House in the 1960s, her parents' names are given as George and Margaret Roberts from the fictional town of Willows, Wisconsin.[9] In the Random House novels, Barbie attended Willows High School, while in the Generation Girl books, published by Golden Books in 1999, she attended the fictional Manhattan International High School in New York City (based on the real-life Stuyvesant High School[10]).
She has an on-off romantic relationship with her boyfriend Ken (Ken Carson), who first appeared in 1961. A news release from Mattel in February 2004 announced that Barbie and Ken had decided to split up,[11] but in February 2006 they were hoping to rekindle their relationship after Ken had a makeover.[12] Barbie has had over 40 pets including cats and dogs, horses, a panda, a lion cub, and a zebra. She has owned a wide range of vehicles, including pink Corvette convertibles, trailers, and jeeps. She also holds a pilot's license, and operates commercial airliners in addition to serving as a flight attendant. Barbie's careers are designed to show that women can take on a variety of roles in life, and the doll has been sold with a wide range of titles including Miss Astronaut Barbie (1965), Doctor Barbie (1988) and Nascar Barbie (1998).
Mattel has created a range of companions for Barbie, including Hispanic Teresa, Midge, African American Christie, and Steven (Christie's boyfriend). Barbie's siblings and cousins were also created including Skipper, Todd and Stacie (twin brother and sister), Kelly, Krissy, and Francie. Barbie was friendly with Blaine, an Australian surfer, during her split with Ken in 2004.[13]

Mattel toys:



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发表于 2013-1-26 15:10:43 | 显示全部楼层
barbie, barbie, cute barbie
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